Mezzanine floors are often used to create extra floor space in an industrial environment. These floors are usually semi-permanent and free standing. This means they can usually be dismantled and relocated if needed.
A common use for mezzanine flooring is for storage, this is usually combined with an office space. A lack of space is usually the biggest reason a business can’t expand, mezzanine flooring is a lower cost option compared to a complete relocation.
Office mezzanines are often built in a warehouse environment to provide a safe area away from the dangers of heavy machinery moving around. Toilets are usually added to these office mezzanines as well as other welfare facilities.
CAD/CAM software is used to design the flooring ready to be fitted into wherever it is required.
A range of materials are used to make the floors themselves this includes steel, wood and fibreglass. The main structure of the mezzanine floor is usually constructed from steel as this will support the often high weight of the floor. Wood or fibreglass is used as flooring which is put onto the steel structure.
If a mezzanine is going to be used in retail, then they must be fire safety rated and have a handrail installed for public use.
Overall, a mezzanine floor is a cost-effective way of adding extra floor space in an industrial or warehouse environment.
Gloss is the shiny appearance on a surface. Gloss adds to the visual perception of an object and is influenced by many different factors. The automotive industry is where gloss is measured quite often, as the paint finish of a vehicle is important for its overall appearance.
It is important to keep the level of gloss consistent across all products, as it’s important for the end user to get the correct product they are paying for.
Gloss is measured using a specific piece of equipment called a glossmeter. Specific angles of measurement are used based on the level of gloss of the surface.
The correct angle for gloss measurement is based on what gloss range is expected. Three angles are used which cover most coating applications. These angles are 20°, 60°, and 85° and are used as shown below.
At 60° if the measurement exceeds 70 GU then the glossmeter needs to be changed to 20° and then retested. If a measurement is taken which is less than 10 GU, then the machine needs to be set at 85°. A surface which is medium gloss is measured using the 60° setting on the glossmeter.
There are two other angles which are used to measure other materials. These are 45° and 75°, the 45° angle is used for ceramics, films, textiles and anodised aluminium. The larger 75° angle is used for paper.
Glossmeters must be calibrated to ensure they provide the correct readings every time they are used. A tile is used for calibration at every angle and is kept in optimum conditions to ensure it doesn’t become contaminated. The calibration tiles themselves need to be checked at regular intervals and corrected if necessary as they can change gloss units over time.
Haze and orange peel can both affect the gloss levels of a surface. Glossmeters are unable to detect these issues with a surface, so other machines need to be used.
In this article, we will provide you with the information to answer the questions including why fall protection is important and what can be done to reduce falls?
Why is fall protection so important?
One of the most common causes of serious work-related injuries and deaths include falls. As an employer, you must set up the workplace to try your hardest to prevent your employees from falling off overhead platforms, elevated work stations or even into holes which may be in walls and floors. However, depending on the environment you may also require your employees to wear fall protection. Fall protection is the use of controls designed to protect individuals from falling or in the event if they do fall, to stop them without causing serious damage or injury.
What can be done to reduce falls?
OSHA requires that fall protection is worn at elevations of four feet in general industry workplaces, five feet in shipyards, six feet in the construction industry and eight feet in long shoring operations. In addition, OSHA requires that fall protection should be provided if you are working with dangerous equipment and machinery regardless of the falling distance.
For the prevention of falls, employers must:
• Cover or guard every hole in the walls or floor which a worker may accidentally fall into
• Provide a guardrail and toe-board around every elevated open sided platform, floor and runway
• If there is any dangerous machinery or equipment on site, employers must provide guardrails and toe-boards to prevent damage or injury
• Other types of fall protection may be needed depending on the environment including safety harnesses and lines, safety nets and handrails